Earthquakes in Ghana

Earthquakes in Ghana

Ghana is not located in an earthquake-prone area but it has had its fair share of earthquakes and tremors over the years. The history of recorded earthquakes and tremors in Ghana date as far back as 1615. Most of the earthquakes and tremors have been around the magnitude of 4 on the Richter scale. Earthquakes and tremors that normally cause damage to property have a magnitude of 5.5 and upwards.

Earthquakes in Ghana

History of Earthquakes and Tremors in Ghana

Date Location Magnitude Effect
1615 Elmina Sao Jorge fortress was destroyed
1636 Axim 5.7 Miners were buried alive
1862 Accra 6.5 3 people died with many structures destroyed
1872 Accra Damage to buildings
20 November, 1906 Ho & Eastern Region Less than 4 Destroyed buildings
11 February, 1907 Accra & Lome
11 May, 1911 Accra No damage
22 June, 1939 Accra, Jamestown 6.5 17 people were killed,

133 injured and an estimated one million pounds worth of damage done to buildings

11 March, 1964 Akosombo 4.5
9 February, 1969 Accra 4.7
6 March, 1997 Accra 4.8 Lots of panic
2003 Accra 4 No major damage
24 March, 2018 Accra 4 No major damage
9 December, 2018 Accra No major damage
January, 2019 Accra No major damage
February, 2019 Accra No major damage
2 March, 2019 Accra No major damage
24 June, 2020 Accra, Cape Coast 4 No major damage


Information was gathered from a
research publication and a news article.

The most recent earth tremor was recorded on 24 June, 2020 at 10:53 pm just 7 km from Gbawe. But it was felt in Accra and some parts of Cape Coast. You can report what you felt to help gather information on the event.

Earthquakes in Ghana

Building Earthquake Resistant Buildings

When earthquakes or earth tremors strike, the most damaged structures are normally buildings. Real estate developers should have their buildings retrofitted to withstand earthquakes and tremors. There are two major fault zones in Ghana at Akwapim and the coastal boundary. These areas are prone to seismic activity so it is advisable to build highly earthquake-resistant buildings within these areas. Developers are advised to perform a geotechnical evaluation on their properties.

This will provide information on the physical properties of soil, earthworks and foundations for structures to help identify and repair distress to earthworks and structures caused by subsurface conditions.

Earthquakes are natural phenomena we don’t have much control over but we can take some measures, such as those listed above, to help reduce the damage caused by earthquakes in Ghana and thereby preserve and protect lives and property or real estate.

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