Starting a Ghanaian Backyard Garden

Gardens are planned spaces set aside for the growing or cultivation of plants for food, beautification or just for recreational purposes. First, gardening enables you to grow your own food the way you want it. Many people are sceptical when they purchasing vegetables from markets because they cannot determine the organic content of them.

The good news is you can cultivate your own vegetables in your backyard. It is that simple plus you can completely avoid the use of pesticides; weedicides etc, if you do not like them and enjoy very freshly grown food from your garden.

Secondly, you are assured of your own supply of food all year long even when there is a shortage in food supply.

Having a backyard garden saves you money. You do not need to purchase every ingredient for the meal you are preparing.

It’s very fascinating to note that gardening is much simpler than you can imagine because in Ghana, soils are naturally fertile, there is moisture in the atmosphere most part of the year. A number of Ghanaians have testified how water melon or tomatoes have germinated in their homes without their knowledge. This portrays how easy it is to start a garden.

Now that Jumia House Ghana has succeeded in whetting your appetite to start your own backyard garden, here are three practical steps to go about it:

Plan – Everything needs planning including gardening. You need to decide where your garden should be situated.  Keep in mind plants need sunlight, water and good soils. The space is determined by the kind of plants you want to cultivate.  Some plants take up more space than others. For example, taro, watermelon.  You need to also decide the kind of plants you are going to cultivate – are they going to be vegetables, legumes or food crops or flowers? You need to know the space that each crop can take when they.

Design – How do you want you want to cultivate the plants? When planting vegetables the best method to use is the row cropping – where plants are cultivated in rows. This allows you free space to walk and pull out weeds the disadvantage of is this method is you do not have enough space to cultivate many plants because of the gaps you have created.

The other method you can use is the intensive cropping. With this method of cropping, you plant all the crops in a given area without any space for free movement. Therefore weeds need to be controlled by being pulled out with the hand.

Planting – Test the soil first to know which kind you have in your backyard. Your soil is clayey if you touch it feels sticky. It is sandy soil if after you touch it if feels gritty in your palms. The ideal soils should not be too gritty or too sticky. This test will also enable you determine what you will need to make your soil more fertile.

By now, you should have in mind what kind of crop you are going to cultivate in your backyard garden as well as the design you are going to adopt for the backyard garden and the plants you are going to cultivate.

Next week, we will give you tips on how to maintain your backyard garden.

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